What are executive functioning skills? ⋆ Redefine Normal with Wendy Andersen | Redefine Normal with Families with a Special Needs Child

What are executive functioning skills?

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What are executive functioning skills? 

What are executive skills?

Executive functioning skills are a set of mental processes that we use to learn, work, and manage our daily lives. They allow us to set goals, and plans, pay attention, regulate our emotions, and generally get things done.

More simply said, it’s how we create a plan and then work the plan.

executive functioning skills

The fundamental skills related to executive function are:

  1. Organization: arrange and structure thoughts, belongings, tasks, and assignments.
  2. Planning-thinking about the future and anticipating how to carry out a task or reach a goal.
  3. Time management – Estimating how long tasks will take, using time wisely, and meeting deadlines.
  4. Goal setting – Creating and fulfilling an action plan to drive behavior and achieve a desired result.
  5. Prioritization- Make decisions about what is important to focus on and the best order of task completion.

What are executive functioning skills for children

Executive functioning skills for adults

Executive function examples

What are executive functioning skills for kids

What are the signs of poor executive functioning?

Planning and organization:

  • Difficulty setting goals and priorities
  • Poor time management skills
  • Difficulty following through on tasks
  • Disorganized workspaces and living areas
  • Missing deadlines

Attention and focus:

  • Easily distracted
  • Difficulty concentrating on tasks
  • Frequent daydreaming
  • Trouble remembering details
  • Making careless mistakes

Impulsivity and hyperactivity:

  • Acting without thinking
  • Difficulty controlling urges
  • Restlessness and fidgeting
  • Excessive talking
  • Taking unnecessary risks

Emotional dysregulation:

  • Difficulty managing emotions
  • Frequent mood swings
  • Irritability and anger outbursts
  • Poor coping mechanisms for stress
  • Difficulty with social interactions

Motivation and goal-directed behavior:

  • Lack of motivation and initiative
  • Difficulty starting and completing tasks
  • Procrastination
  • Giving up easily
  • Difficulty with delayed gratification

It’s important to note that these are just some general signs, and not everyone who experiences them will have poor executive functioning. If you are concerned about yourself or someone you know, it is always best to consult with a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation.

What is the most important executive functioning skill for learning?

What are executive functioning skills? 

What are executive functioning skills in school

Executive function skills by age

What are the 7 executive functions

This refers to the ability to control impulses and resist distractions.

Working memory: This involves the ability to hold information in mind temporarily while working on a task.

Cognitive flexibility: This refers to the ability to switch between tasks and mental sets easily and adapt to changing demands.

Planning and problem-solving: This involves the ability to develop and execute plans to achieve goals and overcome obstacles.

Self-monitoring: This refers to the ability to monitor our own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors and adjust them if necessary.

 Emotional regulation: This involves the ability to manage our emotions in a healthy and adaptive way.

Motivation: This refers to the internal drive and desire to achieve goals.

executive functioning

Here are some other sites that might help you out on your journey of learning more about executive functioning skills and helping your child discover them.

What are Executive Functioning Skills? – The OT Toolbox

What are executive functioning skills


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